Every Scientific Study on Arnold Schwarzenegger

Every Scientific Study on Arnold Schwarzenegger

So in a recent video, I spoke about a study
on blame contagion that used a story about Arnold Schwarzenegger. The story detailed a failure of Schwarzenegger’s
when he was the Governor of California – in one version he took full responsibility for
his failure, and in the alternate version he blamed other people. The group exposed to this blame shifting were
twice as likely to blame others for their personal mistakes. And I wondered… how many times has Arnold
Schwarzenegger been mentioned in scientific studies? And then this question consumed me…. The answer… gets a little out of hand. As I turned to Google Scholar, I figured there
were probably a handful of political science papers on Schwarzenegger’s time as governor,
possibly some fitness or bodybuilding studies, and definitely a few things referencing his
films. I grossly underestimated the scientific impact
of Arnold Schwarzenegger. First of all, it turns out he’s a great
example for common problems in information and data sciences: like how do you know if
a name in your database is a duplicate or if there are just two people with the same
name? Hint: Arnold Schwarzenegger is always a duplicate. In a table of US citizens, Arnold Schwarzenegger
is a very rare name. And strangely enough, he’s also a helpful
example because his name is so hard to spell. What if someone is searching for Arnold S-H-W-A-R-T-Z-I-N-E-G-E-R? How does your search know who they’re talking
about? Well, there’s a paper for that too, on how
we can optimise search algorithms to look for results that are similar rather than exact
matches. To be honest, most of the information science
and mathematical linguistics papers were very complex. Automatic Fine-Grained Entity Typing by Hierarchical
Partial-Label Embedding. Sure. And luckily, they’re just the tip of the
iceberg. Apart from just using his name, there seems
to be a study looking at every part of Arnold’s career – He’s kind of done everything So what makes him such a popular choice to
be used in research? Schwarzenegger sits at the intersection of
many cultural spaces and academic fields of study. Also, he’s just a fun example. Looking at Arnold as a professional bodybuilder,
he’s mentioned in a paper talking about sarcopenia, or the degradation of muscles
with age. And he’s also mentioned in a paper looking
at the attractiveness of averages versus extremes. Spoiler: Arnold “Sex Symbol” Schwarzenegger
falls in the attractive extreme category. And yes, the scientific paper calls him a
sex symbol, so if that’s confirmed by science He’s also mentioned, unsurprisingly, in
papers on nutritional supplements and anabolic steroids. Even papers about very serious public health
issues, like “the effect of body weight on adolescent academic performance” (It
found that white teen girls who weigh more, perform worse in school. For everyone else, it’s complicated.) Even papers about animal behavior throw in
a mention of Arnold here and there, like “Biological effects of locomotor play: Getting into shape,
or something more specific?” (It turns out animals don’t just play to
get fit, it’s also good for other things like motor learning). The fact that I didn’t find a paper called
“Is Arnold Schwarzenegger Actually a Robot: A Multidisciplinary Approach” actually surprised
me, but maybe I just didn’t get far enough in the results. Once he became an actor and a cultural icon
in his own right, a lot of papers starting looking at Schwarzenegger’s impact on culture
as a whole. “Do Movie Stars Encourage Adolescents to
Start Smoking? Evidence from California” found that yes,
adolescents who prefer actors who smoke, or whose characters smoke, are more likely to
pick up the habit themselves, and yes, Arnold is one of those celebrities. Other papers looked at his impact on culture
through the lens of his identity as masculinity-made-flesh. Papers like “Arnold Schwarzenegger, Mister
Universe? Hollywood Masculinity And The Search Of The
New Man” or “Gender and the Action Heroine: Hardbodies and the “Point of No Return””
look at what make our badass movie stars so badass, and how that relates to gender norms
and culture as a whole. As expected, there are lots of papers on “Arnie’s”
time as governor, a.k.a. The governator, and the recall election during
which he won office. Papers like “Somebody versus nobody: An
exploration of the role of celebrity status in an election” looked at how his fame impacted
the election – participants showed a greater intention to vote for a candidate who was
a recognizable Hollywood actor rather than an unknown candidate, regardless of the political
information provided about the candidates. And a bunch of papers that examine fame and
politics from slightly different angles. Others look at his political impact and surprisingly,
most focus on his work as an environmentalist after he was governor. “The Making of an Environmental Hero: A
History of Ecomodern Masculinity, Fuel Cells and Arnold Schwarzenegger explores how Schwarzenegger’s
symbolic masculine persona expanded to include compassion and responsible care for the environment. And “’Charismatic megafauna’: The growing
power of celebrities and pop culture in climate change campaigns” looks at how the un-endangered
species of the modern celebrity is replacing the polar bear as the “charismatic megafauna”
glamourising climate awareness. More than anything – now you know that Ecomodern
Masculinity and Charismatic Megafauna are phrases you can use in your everyday life. And in psychology, naturally, there’s the
Arnold Schwarzenegger Effect. Of course he has his own effect. The study “The “Arnold Schwarzenegger
Effect”: Is strength of the “victim” related to misinterpretations of harm intrusions?” looked at how we feel in response to a car
accident involving an elderly man versus one involving a young, fit, able-bodied man, like
Arnold Schwarzenegger. It found that when the victim is the Governator,
we feel less distress, and weaker feelings of “moral wrongness” than we would if
the victim was perceived to be more frail. This is an especially important finding for
doctors, who may misdiagnose or underweight pain reporting in patients who appear otherwise
strong and healthy. In neuroscience, one study asked memory-impaired
individuals to imagine, with as much detail as possible, “Arnold Schwarzenegger interacting
with a typewriter in an attic.” Another asked participants to play a pictionary
style game and draw Schwarzenegger, among other celebrities. And Arnie’s face has been used as an example
in a bunch of facial recognition experiments. Once you’re used in a famous faces test,
you kinda walk into a lifetime of scientific analysis. So at this point, I was on page 18 of the
Google scholar search and realised there were A LOT of papers mentioning Arnold. I hadn’t quite trusted the accuracy of the
initial search – it showed tens of thousands of results. But we’d read more
than 100 papers mentioning Arnold Schwarzenegger and… they just kept coming. Well, based on the types of papers we’d
seen come up, even if only 54% of the results are actual academic papers then there are
approximately 15,000 papers that mention him. If we flashed one title on screen every second,
this video would run for more than four hours. I told you it got out of hand. So think of this video as the top hits — every
study is contained with these search pages on Google Scholar. Though, there are a few things that all 15,000
scientific studies have in common. Obviously they all mention Arnold Schwarzenegger,
but they do so for a reason. From his name and image to his fame and cultural
impact – he’s a fascinating individual and a solid example. And now he keeps getting used as an example
in studies to ensure things can be replicated. Science builds on science. On top of that, people have a tendency to
use celebrities and pop culture to make difficult ideas easier to digest. We can be certain that no matter how many
times Arnie says – “cya” “hasta la vista” “…” – in the world of academia,
this father of Ecomodern Masculinity will always “be back”.

100 thoughts on “Every Scientific Study on Arnold Schwarzenegger

  1. So… just how many studies did you THINK would mention Arnie? I'll be honest, the sheer number really surprised me – it's part of what compelled me to make this video. Thank you for watching!!
    Sometimes I use this platform for good, sometimes I use it to uncover every scientific study mentioning Arnold Schwarzenegger 🕵️‍♀️

  2. I don't get this video. What's the point?
    Seem like car tribute video, where the point is to imagine you own said car, even though this won't happen ever.

  3. Hey!  You can't Do that!  You Took My Body From Facebook And PhotoShopped Arnold's Head Over Mine!  Take Down This Video IMMEDIATELY, Or Change The Thumbnail!!!

    Relax guys, it was just for a giggle.  Loosen up :•)

  4. It's great to get a glimpse of all the kinds of science and the sheer mass of work that has been done…

  5. I highly approve of the way you cope with boredom.

    Seems like you could revolve a youtube channel just around oddly specific things that recur in science papers.

  6. I don't know how you did it. All the way to the end. I thought halfway through. Would I listen to her read the phone book? Not sure. Maybe if you did a study on it …

  7. I generally like your videos, but I found this one even more entertaining for some reason! Maybe because I was a bit skeptical at the start of the video? Very interesting content! Thanks!

  8. Great video, but a just one question: Did you had to print all those papers? Seems like such a waste. Please tell me you recycle them afterwards. Thank you 🙂

  9. Have they figured out why he cheated on his ex, pardoned an unpardonable felon scumbag, and continues to make unwatchable movies?

  10. Bigger girls do worse at school because they're treated badly by their peers and teachers. It really brings down your confidence and causes mental health issues which make it difficult to perform well in school. Fatphobia is a very serious issue. I hope the study didn't blame it on weight itself because it clearly isn't the real issue here.

  11. What's written on your shirt!?! I have an OCD thing where if shirt writing is obscured I can't not look at it and wait for an opportunity to see the rest. Which is especially troublesome with women because it means I'm constantly staring at their, upper shirt area. 😓

  12. So what you're saying is that the number of scientific papers that cite Arnie is the reason why Skynet chooses his likeness for the Terminator model T-800s?


  13. Wow, you really worked hard on this. I think it proves that our academic departments need a lot of papers from professors and graduate students to keep up with each other. You probably have heard of the phrase, 'Publish or perish.' People don't want to perish so they publish, although they feel like they are peridhing in the process a lot of times. The good old word processor has also made publishing easier.

    All of this leads to a lot of papers on a lot of topics. That's not to say that none of these papers are relevant. What this does show is that we humans have very curious brains and like to think about ideas and concepts.

    What's interesting is that Arnold Schwarzenegger got his BA in business and international economics from the University of Wisconsin-Superior in 1979.

  14. So, this is what passes for science education from PBS? Celebrity news? Maybe your funding should be gutted.

  15. He just had heart surgery which was probably connected to his years of massive steroid abuse. Also, he cheated on his wife with the maid producing a baby. Just because he's rich and famous doesn't mean that he's living right.

  16. I can prove the Arnold Schwartzeneggar effect, with a photo in fact… Too bad there was one problem trying to be a body builder… I had no idea that all the food that was available was grown unsustainably, unhealthy as hell, like bad for your very DNA. So knowing that, there is no way he actually cares about the environment, he would have mentioned pesticides in crops, and a whole host of things. He just is an actor at best. He had a lot of ability to change things like farming, etc… But like George Carlin said, they just want a clean place for themselves. Fuck everyone else!

  17. Being overweight likely causes many kids to learn poorly, due to bullying and general societal expectations. It's also likely more prevalent for white children as white female bodied individuals are more expected, culturally, to be small or even under weight.

    This is why words like "thicc" become memes; Other cultures aren't as used to finding thicker bodied women attractive, let alone having a word for it. Where as you'll find it more common in minority communities. Especially black and Hispanic groups.

  18. "Automatic Fine-Grained Entity Typing by Hierarchical Partial-Label Embedding"
    This … I know … from nothing …
    But I think of Braincraft and I have idea, a-Ha!

  19. A thumbs up the hilarious subject of this video. And +1 for "charismatic megafauna". Will you please bring this under the attention of Arnold "The Govenator" Schwarzenegger and report back?

  20. Yes, Arnold is a good example for many thi… OH MY GOD, IT'S LUNA!!! HEY BEAUTY!!! ARE YOU PLAYING WITH YOUR TOY!!!???

  21. This is in the ballpark of one study for every day of his life, and assuming there were no studies until he was in his twenties (but I'm not going to bet on that!), and the fact that a study usually takes longer than one day, it means that at any one time, people in different fields were creating studies, and they overlapped with others.. I'd be rightly weird, meeting a random person and you tell them about your Arnie study, and then they tell you they're doing one too.. 🙂

  22. My hero growing up. They should bring back regulated body building with steroids allowed and doctor observed…

  23. Google usually overestimates the number of hits by a 10 to 100 multiplier. Although google scholar seems to be more accurate. But don't try to draw any conclusion from the hit counter in the general google.

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