China: rise of an Asian giant | Insight | Full Episode

China: rise of an Asian giant | Insight | Full Episode


October 1, 2019. China celebrates its 70th anniversary of the founding of the
People’s Republic of China. Greetings, comrades! It’s a day of immense significance as the people paid homage to
the Communist Party’s leadership. After a century of humiliation, China is now marching forward with
its newfound confidence and vigour as a new global power. From a war-battered and poverty-stricken
nation on the verge of collapse, to a leading industrial powerhouse and the world’s second largest economy in a span of just 70 years. I think they can still celebrate the fact that they’ve had extraordinary success with their economic growth over the last 40 years. And today, under the
leadership of Xi Jinping, China pushes the envelope to achieve
what he called the China Dream. We now have another very capable and very courageous leader, a leader with great vision. What really accounts
for China’s meteoric rise as a major global power
within seven decades? Can this dramatic success be sustained in today’s challenging global
economic environment? With this transformation, what has been gained along the way? What has been lost along the way? Now, as China celebrates
its 70th anniversary, has China arrived? Is it still a work in progress? A picturesque farming village, alluring mountain ranges, breathtaking views of the valleys, and the lush, green fields greet visitors in this old town of Shidu, some 300 kilometres away
from Beijing, China’s capital city. This was how the whole of China
looked like 70 years ago. A predominantly agricultural country with the majority of its population
living in the countryside. That was also what Chinese
Communist leader, Mao Zedong inherited when he proclaimed the founding
of the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949. Despite his remarkable success in
defeating the nationalist Kuomintang forces, and unifying the whole country under
the leadership of the Communist Party, China remained a very
poor and backward country. More than 80% of the Chinese
people lived in absolute poverty. I would say he inherited the mess. What made the difference
was that he created something. He created something that China had not seen for nearly 100 years: a united country. It had been divided
after the Opium Wars, the civil war under the Qing Dynasty, the revolution, warlords, civil war, and invasion by the Japanese. It was one long tale of disasters, wars and poverty; an increasingly dismal future for China. China was at its weakest during those years of
the Japanese invasion and the civil war that followed. And from 1945 to 1949, when the nationalists
and communists fought, the nationalists were obviously
so weak and corrupt, that they had no real chance
of defeating or winning, although nobody anticipated
the speed at which they fell. But the fact that the communist won,
is Mao Zedong’s creation. He made that possible. In the 10 years that followed the founding
of the People’s Republic of China, Chairman Mao set the country
on a tremendous growth trajectory. Industrial output was growing
double-digit every year. But the Great Leap Forward, the industrialisation of China, soon began to falter. Within the party,
the disagreements among the leaders, the mistakes that Mao Zedong
made with the Great Leap Forward, and the challenges from
his comrades about that, he didn’t like it. He got more
and more deeply embroiled in the internal party struggle, which led to the Cultural Revolution. The Cultural Revolution, however,
failed to repair the damage caused by his economic policy
of the Great Leap Forward. The Great Leap Forward was Mao’s vision
of the rapid industrialisation of China, but at the expense of agriculture. The failure of the economic experiment brought with it the
Great Chinese Famine of 1959, which lasted till 1961. The Cultural Revolution that followed
only made the situation worse. The 10-year social experiment
crippled the Chinese economy, which lead to a prolonged
period of turmoil, bloodshed and starvation. 65-year-old retiree, He Chunlu
was only in his teens when the Cultural Revolution
was first introduced. But he could see how his family
suffered as a result of the policy which failed to bring about
tangible economic benefits to poor people like himself. 69-year-old Li Jing
also remembers clearly what it was like to grow up hungry. Those were the days when food
was scarce and had to be rationed. The massive famine had caused
a drastic decline in the food supply, causing acute starvation
among the people. During that 10 years,
there was zero growth in terms of GDP per capita. And in Central and Western China, there was no improvement
to its infrastructure. It was basically a period
of economic stagnation and it also destroyed the education
opportunities of a whole generation. According to estimates, the Cultural Revolution killed
between 500,000 and 2 million people. It was a massive policy failure and one of the darkest
chapters in Chinese history. Former government leaders, the intellectuals, the elites and professors
were persecuted. Many were persecuted
and sentenced to death, many were locked up, and many committed suicide. The more we look back, the more horrified we are
as to how low people can go during the Great Cultural Revolution. It was only in December 1968 that Mao realised that
the Cultural Revolution was spiralling out of control. The policy that paralysed China
politically and economically finally ended in 1976 following
the death of Mao Zedong and the fall of the Gang of Four, a group of Chinese
Communist Party members closely associated with Mao. Although the end of the Cultural Revolution
came at the cost of so many lives, until today, Mao remains
a revered figure in China. Despite the errors
and the miscalculations of the Cultural Revolution, they didn’t actually destroy
that base of a sense of unity, a sense of oneness of China, and a sense of tremendous potential. Even though he’d got it wrong, the sense was somehow still there. After his success in reuniting China, Mao Zedong had envisioned
that his revolutionary movement would turn the country into
a beacon of communism, a prosperous country committed
to the Communist ideology. He failed. But his failure to realise his vision had paved the way for
the rise of a new leader whose radical reform policies
led to the emergence of China as a new economic superpower. The man responsible for
China’s meteoric rise was 74-year-old Deng Xiaoping, formerly the Secretary-General
of the Communist Party. But who was Deng Xiaoping? How did his decision to
open up China to the world change the country’s destiny forever? China’s phenomenal transformation
into a modern, industrialised economy did not happen by accident. It was made possible by
the work and ideas of one man, the late Chinese paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping. Standing at just 1.52 metres tall, his diminutive figure belied the strength, vision and fortitude of the man
who helped transform China into one of the fastest growing
economies in the world. Deng Xiaoping was, indeed,
a giant among equals, towering above the achievements
of many other leaders in modern times. With his courage, vision and ideas, he helped lay the foundation
for the rise of China into the economic superpower
that it is today. In a way, they learnt from
the mistakes of Mao Zedong, to follow Deng Xiaoping. Deng Xiaoping had thought for 10 years. He sat down… and thought about what went wrong with what had been so successful. Deng Xiaoping was the
Secretary-General of the Party, while Mao Zedong was
the Chairman for 10 years. So he could see from within, something that was tremendously hopeful,
and with tremendous potential, being virtually destroyed by
the madness of this one man. The man who created it
was also about to destroy it. And he sat back those
10 years quietly, thinking, “How do I remedy this? How do I save China
and the Communist Party from this near ruin that this great man who had
created it in the first place had almost destroyed.” Victor Gao is a vice president of
the Centre for China and Globalisation, a think tank in Beijing. He was previously an English translator to the late paramount leader,
Deng Xiaoping, during the 1980s. Victor observed, first-hand,
that despite Mr Deng’s demeanour as a calm and gentle old man, he commanded tremendous
respect from his peers with his unwavering determination
to achieve his vision. He was a man of great wisdom and he was a man with
a great vision for China. I’ve described Deng Xiaoping
as the prophet for the Chinese nation, mainly because he saw
what most of us could not see, and he pointed out a way of
development which, eventually, was proven not only
to be the correct way. Deng Xiaoping took up the mantle of
the leadership of the Communist Party at the age of 74. At that age, Victor felt that
Deng was a man in a hurry to achieve something for the country. His main priority was to lift
China out of its economic rut and pull millions of his
people out of poverty. He knew that time
was not on his side, so he needed to act very quickly. He had no time to waste, and he also believed
that the Chinese nation would have no time to waste anymore. Everyone needed to wake up. Everyone needed to have that
sense of crisis, a sense of urgency. Everyone needed to move forward
as quickly as he or she can. Deng Xiaoping appreciated that he
was not building something from scratch. He was building from something
that was there, but had gone wrong, and he was remedying that. And so he did. In 1978, Deng Xiaoping abandoned
many communist doctrines and embraced free market
principles instead. From state ownership and
a centrally-planned economy, to one based on
market-oriented reforms. In other words, Deng went against
the grains of communist ideology by legalising private ownership. He allowed market competition
and opened China to the world through foreign investments and trade. He famously remarked, “It does not matter whether
they are black cats or white cats. So long as they catch mice,
they’re good cats.” There were the
Four Dragons in Asia: Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, so they developed very fast, and quickly became the
manufacturing centre for the world. Deng saw that and he wanted
to follow a similar path, so he adopted very similar
industrial policies, by building a domestic
manufacturing base and using agriculture
to subsidise industry. By doing that, he lowered
the cost of economic input for industrial development and he also opened the borders. He opened the coastal provinces, especially through Shenzhen, and by doing that, he captured
the rising export economy. That was the breaking point for China. It ended up setting up
Special Economic Zones, getting China started on
a trajectory of manufacturing success, and exporting to the rest of the world. It lifted over 600 million Chinese
out of extreme poverty. It’s a kind of economic development
that gave the nation control over its own destiny. He had recognised that that was one
of the mistakes that Mao Zedong made… to have closed up the economy. If you do not have capitalism,
or the methodologies and technologies of
capitalism to create wealth, what is there to redistribute? We must get to the stage
where we must create wealth. And what he did was
he basically opened the doors to let everybody who can
create wealth, create it. Only then would we have
a chance to build a social society. And Chinese people, being who they are
with their entrepreneurial instincts, and having been suppressed for a while,
are now being told that it was all right. Go ahead. If you’ve got new ideas,
you can be an entrepreneur, just go ahead. And my goodness, they did. 33-year-old Alex Ma works
in his family’s printing and packaging business in Shenzhen. His father and uncle who
hailed from Chaozhou province, first started their business
in Hong Kong in the 1970s. But they took a gamble by moving
their production to Shenzhen on the new promise of
the Special Economic Zones, designed by Deng Xiaoping. Back in the 1980s, Shenzhen was a fishing village, dwarfed by the mature and liberal
economy of its neighbour, Hong Kong. Nobody knew if it
was going to work out. But today, Alex has seen how
the place and the business has grown from strength to strength,
thanks to Mr Deng’s foresight. And so Deng’s gamble in
converting a planned economy into a market economy paid off. From a per capita income
of just US$40 in 1978, it has now risen
to more than US$10,000. The country’s economy has also
expanded at an average rate of 9.5% over the last 40 years. The changes that Deng had initiated have transformed China from
one of the world’s poorest countries into the world’s second biggest economy. As a testimony to the success
of Deng’s reform efforts, Shenzhen has surpassed
Hong Kong in GDP numbers for the first time in history. And Shenzhen’s success formula has been implemented in second-
and third-tier cities across China. Shenzhen turned out to be the most
successful Special Economic Zone in the Chinese experience. And today, a small fishing village in Shenzhen has already blossomed into a megacity. Shenzhen is larger than
Hong Kong in terms of size, in terms of the size of the population but also more importantly, since 2018, Shenzhen’s GDP is already
larger than Hong Kong’s, so this is truly a revolutionary
development for Shenzhen. However, in the spring of 1989, pro-democracy protests
broke out on Tiananmen Square, casting a pall over China’s
nascent market economy and liberal reforms. Chinese students had begun
to demand for political reforms amidst the ambitious economic
reforms spearheaded by Deng. The central government, however, viewed the demonstrations
as an existential challenge and went on to crush the movement. The Tiananmen era was that they were so afraid
that they had opened up too fast and that people were
getting the wrong idea, and the wrong direction, so they had to crush it. But then, people began
to be fearful about moving forward. Deng left no room for doubt
on China’s way forward. The red line was cast in stone
and could not be crossed. While he was prepared
to allow for market reforms, there can be no challenge
to the party’s rule. But that has not stopped
China’s economic ascent as the next generation
of Chinese leaders continued to ride on
this expansionist wave taking Communist China to the
halls of the World Trade Organisation, integrating China deeper
into the global economy. When Deng Xiaoping
retired from politics in 1992, he had fulfilled a mission
no other leader of the 20th century could have ever done. His groundbreaking reforms and his decision to open up
China to the world have left a lasting impact
on the country. It’s not surprising then
that his death in February 1997 did not lead to the abandonment
of his economic policies. In fact, it further
inspired the government to continue the material progress
for the nation under a new leader, Jiang Zemin. Together with economic czar, Zhu Rongji, they both took China to new heights. He sowed the idea to
a new generation of people, who are now the leaders. His successors, the generation from Jiang Zemin to Xi Jinping are all, in a way, products of that new way of thinking. To build on the revolution
that has succeeded, but constantly tweak it,
make it better, improve on it, to ensure that it takes full advantage of all the opportunities available
by opening up. I think that era was also strengthened, in terms of its signal opening up,
by Premier Zhu Rongji, because he’s probably
the bravest reformer at the time. He conducted
the state-owned enterprise reform, which cost millions of unemployment, but he somehow pulled it through, with a lot of
political support domestically. He’s very charismatic. 46-year-old Zhong Fuquan is
very much a self-made businessman who’s very successful in his own right. He’s tried his hand
at different industries, from trading cultural arts and crafts, to agriculture and eggs production. Zhong, who grew up in Gansu, one of the poorest, landlocked
provinces in northwest China, is the owner of a few businesses, and sits on advisory boards
of national trade organisations. Zhong’s success mirrored the country’s
phenomenal growth over the last decades. He attributes his success to the environment
and circumstances in those years where China was rapidly
opening up to the world, while taking the best of what other
more advanced countries could offer. A major breakthrough
came in December 2001, when China formally joined the
World Trade Organisation or WTO. Its ascension into the WTO clearly signified China’s deeper
integration into the global economy and cemented its position
as the world’s factory, attracting numerous
manufacturing companies from advanced economies into China. Joining the World Trade Organisation, they suddenly took advantage of the opening of the world’s markets to Chinese entrepreneurship and access to all
the world’s resources. Following the rules, all the countries opened up
their markets to China, particularly the developed worlds
of the United States and Western Europe. And those markets
were what made it possible for the Chinese economy to take off
in such a rapid pace from then on. So the next 15 years or so, it just shot up. And you can
see from the figures. They showed how things moved fast
after it joined the WTO, faster than what anybody expected. However, China’s blistering growth, averaging 9.8% per annum, as well as its economic expansion that went on at such a breakneck speed had begun to raise red flags. As it got richer, there were
growing concerns over corruption and income inequality. So, one could say that
that whole generation attempted to keep
the economic engine going, and that the real opportunity
for genuine reform, only came towards the end of that era, with Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao looking for ways to repair a system that had clearly grown unbalanced. Was investment too much
an engine of growth? Was the government bloated? Were state-owned enterprises
already too large? Was the environment too degraded and had income inequality
risen too high? This wealth is new wealth
that was created, and it was corrupting the party itself. And this is really dangerous. It was against this backdrop
that the leadership baton was passed on to the fifth generation. In November 2012, 59-year-old princeling, Xi Jinping, the son of a Communist
Revolutionary veteran, became China’s new paramount leader. Shortly upon assuming power, President Xi Jinping embarked on
an all-out anti-corruption drive aimed at rooting out
corruption within the party. In five years, more than 200,000 high
and low ranking officials, known as tigers and flies,
were prosecuted. Former Chongqing Boss
and member of the Politburo, Bo Xilai; a former member of the
Politburo Standing Committee, Zhou Yongkang; and former Vice-Chairman
of the Central Military Commission, General Xu Caihou. In spite of growing criticisms
that his anti-corruption drive was aimed at getting rid of his rivals and those who were
resistant to his policies, the campaign has won
praises from the people. I conducted several surveys
in rural China and everywhere you go,
people love Xi. They think it’s easier now to get
things done in the government, and they think anti-corruption
is a good thing. Having struck the right note
at the very start of his leadership, Xi Jinping launched several
signature policies in quick succession. These included: Made in China 2025, a strategic blueprint to upgrade
the country’s manufacturing capabilities. This would include the goal
of rising dominance in the fields of technology, IT and robotics. The Belt and Road Initiative, an ambitious, global development strategy to build infrastructure and
connectivity in 152 countries. These are all part of his desire
to achieve the China Dream and the great rejuvenation
of the Chinese nation. The China Dream
is not one person’s dream, not Xi’s own idea, but it represents all the people of China. When we talk about the China Dream
at the macro level, it should be understood
as the rejuvenation, the renaissance of China’s civilisation, its long history, and that China may come, in Xi Jinping’s own words, closer to the centre
of the world stage. Two years into Xi Jinping’s term, unexpected headwinds
appeared on the horizon. In 2014, the Chinese economy
grew at its slowest pace in 24 years, although it still clocked in
a respectable 7.4% growth. And in 2016, the United States voted in
a President who accused China of stealing jobs from America
and cheating on trade deals. For all his tough anti-China rhetoric
on the election campaign trail, nobody really believed
that Donald Trump would make good
his threats on China. But, he did. In July 2018, President Trump
slapped taxes on billions of dollars’ worth
of Chinese imports. And the two countries have been
engaged in round after round of tit-for-tat retaliation measures since. And with no foreseeable end
in sight to the trade war, Chinese manufacturers like Alex Ma
are getting increasingly worried. The Chinese economy
has undoubtedly been hit. GDP for the second quarter
of 2019 grew at 6.2%, the lowest rate since
quarterly reports began in 1992. The impact will be profound. In fact, you’ll feel the impact now. When you’re in China, most
people would want to talk to you about the US-China trade war, because it’s affecting people’s daily life, it’s affecting sentiment and that’s affecting the stock market. And as China celebrates its 70th anniversary
of the founding of the nation, what do these troubling times
mean for the Chinese people and President Xi Jinping’s
lofty China Dream? When President Xi Jinping
started his term with his vision of the China Dream, it galvanised and
inspired an entire nation. It conjured hope and self-confidence. But as the world’s most populous country with some 1.4 billion people, China has different age groups, different dialects, different religions, can it be one China Dream
for everybody? How will Xi Jinping’s vision
propel the nation forward? Power, wealth, and respect. That’s what Chinese leader Xi Jinping
has envisioned for his country and his 1.4 billion population when he took over the mantle
of leadership in 2012. Just weeks after he was installed as the Secretary-General
of the Communist Party, Xi came up with a slogan,
“The China Dream”, and the great rejuvenation
of the Chinese nation. His key objective
to achieve prosperity at home and respect on the world stage, a vision of an economically prosperous
and a militarily strong nation. Great means, in the
eyes of the Chinese, to be respected, to be looked up to
as a civilisation or as a power, as a wealthy country, for all sorts of reasons, but people look up to China with respect, admiration or something like that. I think that’s what the Chinese believe
that China has been treated that way for a long time, for most of the time. They had their downs,
but when they were doing well, people respected and admired China. And for some 100 years,
they were really down. Now they want to go back to the
position when people respect China. I think most Chinese leaders
and intellectuals want to restore that position. Evidence has shown that China has
already gained international respect and global admiration for all
its achievements over the last 40 years. From one of the poorest
countries in the world, it’s now on the verge of joining
the ranks of a high-income country. From an economy that was
based on agriculture, it has now established itself
as a global technology and manufacturing powerhouse, contributing to nearly 30%
of the world’s economic growth. It has also successfully lifted
850 million people out of poverty and it’s on target to eradicate
absolute poverty by 2020. China, today, is also
the world’s largest trading nation and an economy that’s only second
biggest in the world after the US. For Xu Sitao, who had gone
through the Cultural Revolution, he’s happy to witness the
country’s rapid transformation. And he attributes that to the drive
and resilience of its people to be the among the best in the world. Many people like me could
never envision today. We have been consistently
underestimating China’s economic potentials, and probably until today, I’m still underestimating
China’s economic resilience. That’s the first point. Number two, I think the society has
become a lot more open in many ways. That’s the second achievement. The third achievement
is this continued drive. I think that’s very different
from many other countries and there is still a very strong
catch-up mentality. I think China used to be a very under-developed country with a high poverty rate. Now, we’ve improved the wealth of the whole generation. China is now a middle-income country, so, in that sense, it’s the single
biggest achievement of China. 31-year-old Fan Yue
and his wife, Shuangyue, who run a skating and snowboarding
school for children, are not particularly aware
of the China Dream slogan. Still, they feel very inspired
by the government’s commitment to achieve the best for the country and are willing to partake
in this common vision. But China’s newfound
wealth and confidence have also been matched by
its growing assertiveness overseas. It has been flexing
its muscle in every sphere including its maritime claims in
the South China Sea and East China Sea. Beijing has also been moving rapidly
to upgrade its military hardware and expand its prowess overseas. Xi’s government has also invested
heavily in the Belt and Road Initiative to expand its economic reach
and soft power abroad. Domestically, Xi Jinping has emerged
as the most powerful leader since the era of Mao Zedong. Apart from his position as President and
Secretary-General of the party, he has also taken
full control of the military, assuming the title
of Supreme Commander. And in a marked departure
from party tradition, Xi Jinping successfully removed
the term limits for president, something which former leader
Deng Xiaoping tried to prevent. The constitutional amendment
would now allow him to stay in office
as President indefinitely. If you’re doing the job
and the job is not finished, you should continue. Why not? I do not believe that
he took off the limits so that he can be President for life. I think that’s just people’s
way of making fun of him. I don’t think that’s on his mind. What is on his mind is
that these limits are artificial, they have been borrowed
from somewhere. But it really depends on
the job you have to do. And I think he sees himself,
rightly or wrongly, as having faced the party that
was almost about to self-destruct, and he has said that
it was almost a sacred task of saving that party
in order to save China; and that maybe 5 to 10 years
is not good enough. Given the vast and rapid changes, and also the way that
Xi Jinping has led the party in fighting against corruption, the greater continuity
and stability we may have will help China more, rather than the uncertainty
or the unpredictability, especially at the very top level
of the Chinese leadership. But 2019 has proven to be
a challenging year for President Xi. China today has to battle
challenges on many fronts. Ethnic tensions in Xinjiang
continue to simmer as international human rights
groups keep up the pressure on the Chinese authorities’
handling of the Uighur Muslims. Xi is also facing
a challenge to his authority from China’s Special Administrative Region,
Hong Kong. Months of anti-government protests
by pro-democratic forces have threatened to undermine political
stability in the former British colony. The festering trade war
with the United States has also hit its economy hard, raising the spectre of another global
recession as trade volumes plunge and major companies
pause their investments. But many in China are not worried. This trade war also has some
positive impact on China because a trade war is a stress test. Financial institutions need
to undertake stress tests. When the value of
their assets come down, can the institutions withstand
such external pressure? It is the same for China. I think this trade war
allows policy makers to look at reform agendas. The scale and grandeur of the 70th anniversary
military parade in Tiananmen was truly a sight to behold. But even as President Xi Jinping
and his team looked on his countrymen with confidence and pride, the challenges facing
the country ahead are real and deep-rooted. But it’s something that it’s always
ready and willing to face head on. We are preparing
for the next 70 years, and for many more years to come. China has the longest
continuous civilisation with 5,000 years of recorded history, and China is the only
uninterrupted civilisation in the world. I would say that their dream
is still the same dream, how do you make China great again? And in the last 70 years,
after all the ups and downs of the different periods, this part of it has, I think, really achieved and
succeeded in sinking roots in the minds and hearts
of most Chinese people. And as long as that is there, there is always hope. As I talked to different
generations of Chinese nationals, those who lived through the
hardships of the Cultural Revolution and those who were born
in the 80s and the 90s, who are beneficiaries of
Deng Xiaoping’s economic reforms, one thing that struck me
was their self-confidence. Confidence in their own ability
that is very much aligned with their belief in the country’s ability. They are all keenly aware of
how far China has come since 1949. Many of them did not believe they would
see this transformation in their lifetime. When talking about current challenges, the US-China trade war
and tensions for example, their responses are
consistently measured. China, according to them, has been facing obstacles
and hardships at every turn in their 5,000 years of civilisation, and not just on this occasion
of their 70th anniversary. This is but a small hiccup
on the spectrum of time.

100 thoughts on “China: rise of an Asian giant | Insight | Full Episode

  1. as an Indian, i think china and india have great history and class culture.. and I remember my 30s when I bought a book named MANDARIN written by robert elegant..(even though I am not fluent in English)

  2. @Robert Molnar
    Haha,perfect excuse for your failures。loser。
    Remember?in 1950s,we were super poor and weak,and we beat you(USA and another 17 countries)up in Korean。
    learn so history before you are lying,loser😂。

    IM living in a abroad now,i know how much western people love money,some one even could kill their parents Just for money!!!
    and you said westerns have more higher moral standard?!hahaha。
    wake up from your dream pls,haha

  3. Chinese rise! It’s not only the glory for the mainland Chinese it’s also the glory for Chinese all around the world!

  4. Good watch. I wonder if there is a Chinese version available? Or perhaps Chinese subtitles over the English speaking/reading parts. Mum no English, Canto + Mando = No problem.

  5. What China did is simple she release the tremendous wealth generating capacity of the Chinese people and the rest is easy. For a long time they were victimized by government rule , oppression by the mandarin look down by the Chinese culture who consider merchant as the lowest rung of the society No wonder most merchant migrate south and Southern Chinese are renown as good merchant. See all over South east Asia Chinese took dominant position in economy even under heinous discrimination rule and corruption.

    This video neglect to mention the pivotal role that overseas Chine play in helping Chinese reform. Contrary to the stupid western troll. It is not the west that help China heck they even embargoed China from 1949 until 1972 They even refused to sell food when the great famine broke in China. Instead it is the overseas Chinese who start investing in China from 1949 OCBC bank is one of 6 who still do business in China after 1949 and act as conduit to transfer money to China back in 50's And in 50-70's OC investment help guide China in modern marketing, building consumer good and selling it to the west NOT THE WEST!

    Singapore can take pride also in helping China back then DXP took inspiration by visiting Hongkong and Singapore to see with his own eye how A Chinese society can prosper. And how they do it

  6. China made this possible purely by fear. If you dont listen, you will die. Now they want to push communism to the world and this will be stopped! All Dynasties come to an end!

  7. John 3:16
    For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him shall not perish, but have everlasting life. (King James Bible Version)

  8. The video had given an honest estimated numbers of victims dead "between 500,000 to 2 millions"! Unlike what was spread by Western Media, the Western estimate was "65 millions"! On the contrary, NAZI's massive & systematic slaughtered of certain racial victims for years on end was "6 millions"! However, "one was too many", the distortion of the number from "between 500,000 to 2 millions" to "65 millions" was plain lie!

  9. Wow when I saw the title I didn't expect it to be such an unbiased and informative video about China. Thank you so much CNA.

  10. can you make a video which focus on the huge massacre of American Indians and torture of black people and the starvation of Great Depression of America? because I noticed you always focus and exaggerate some Chinese dark history. BTW I'm really interested about the Assassination of Kennedy & crackdown of Occupy Wall Street Movement

  11. great documentary, it's one of the few foreign documentaries that actually sets China within the right frame of mind, seeing the PRC as a continuation of the Chinese civilization since antiquity.
    CCP's ideology even under Mao have always had elements of traditional Chinese governing philosophy, Mao is known to be favor the traditional Chinese governing philosophy of Legalism. and imperial China have always had the system that combines Legalism and Confucianism,.

    Today China is the same. it has a system of Legalism and Confucianism with socialist characteristics. China will forge ahead and reform and find a system that best suits their needs, I personally believe President Xi is the right guy for that job.

  12. "China is a sleeping giant. Let her sleep, for when she wakes she will move the world" -Napoleon Bonaparte

  13. Singapore Chinese gives me the cringe each time I hear them speak. Malaysian Chinese are a notch above.

  14. This is China's Golden Age. This is China's time in the sun. This is China's time to shine and the wicked West cannot stop the rise of China.

  15. XI JINPING is disgraceful disgusting communist fool he's not academically educated to understand world issues this is why so many many problems are occurring. Sad future for China.

  16. It's a good thing that China isn't ruled by a guy who looks like he's got a stupid squirrel on his head. I feel bad for people who are born in the United States. They must like drama over logic and would rather complain about world issues then do something about them. Maybe if they got their heads out of their butts and learned to be humble and look at China as an example then they could be great too

  17. Malaysia Prime minister was ask 6 months ago, Are you Afraid of the powerful rising of China, he said that not all because we have been living with China along for the last 2000 years,China never has been conquered Malaysia,when the Europeans discovered Malaysia within 2 years, they conquered Malaysia, We are still afraid of the Europeans ppl..

  18. I Thanks you Gentleman for giving a full Analysis of Industrialised China of TODAY. I WONDER, ANY OF YOU KNOW THE TRUTH OF BUILDING SHEN ZHEN(sorry for wrong spelling). I would like to highlight to all of you, IT WAS INITIATED BY OUR OWN TOP ECONOMIST GENIUS, DR GOH KENG SWEE. THIS INDUSTRIAL PARK IS EXACTLY LIKE OUR JURONG INDUSTRIAL PARK. HE ALSO GUIDED TENG, SINGAPORE CONCEPT, 5 + 5 YEARS OF TAX FREE PROMOTION OF THIS INDUSTRIAL PARK. AFTER A FEW YEARS OF OPENING UP OF THIS INDUSTRIAL PARK, TENG WENT SEE FOR HIMSELF, IT WAS SO BULLISH, HE IMMEDIATELY WENT BACK TO SHANGHAI & PEKING TO CALL FOR OPEN UP OF THESE TWO STATES. IT IS DR GOH'S CONTRIBUTIONS THAT ACTUALLY BROUGHT UP CHINA. HOW MUCH OF HIS ECONOMIC KNOWLEDGE WAS PASS TO TENG IS STILL A SECRET. PLEASE TO NOT DEPRIVED THE TRUE CONTRIBUTER, THE HONOUR.

  19. IN 1960'S, Dr GOH KENG SWEE WAS RECOGNISED AS ONE OF TOP FIVE ECONOMIST OF THE WORLD BY THE ECONOMIST ASSOCIATION OF THE WORLD.

  20. that woman said: during that period there was zero growth in term of GDP per capital. ——- you see how a sophisticated liar carefully made, she didn't tell you even in that period, the growth of GDP at average of 6% , but use GDP per capital to support her view, but she didn't tell you in that period, population doubled from 450 million to over 800 million!! the shameless so called expert talking in a biased way but still claim themselves as expert? and also the man talking about 3 year natural disaster, the reporter kept translated it as " great famine".LOL typical western way to impose its own idea to audience!! shameless and hypocrisy at the best!!

  21. China can you please pay your debt back ? I m wory 😟 you are bankrupt you have 360% debt ?😨
    ( mohr then 50 000 000 000 000 us dolla)😧
    Not funy China o.k

  22. we are not afraid of challenges , it will be always coming during our journey, we face it , overcome it, we saw emperors like Roma, Macedonia, Osman, Britsh, Mongolia … came and gone, we will see the US gone as well!!

  23. Salute to Honerable President Xi and Honerable party members of People's Republic of China on remarkable achievement in 70 years.
    Elevating 700 millions out of Poverty is
    Indeed a living proof of this Century that strength of a nation is it's citizens .
    Western Democracy elevates only 1% elites which are subservient of Royal Imperial. China vision and Ideology is prosperity for all accross it's citizens .
    We wish well to China and admire it's efforts to eredicate poverty from its continent and eventually from the world.

  24. Cultural revolution in Mao time reduced the population in China from 400 millions in 1949 to 250 millions in 1989 excluding the Tiananmen Square massacre of millions. The population of China is now suffering from starvation and this prolonged suffering will cause China to be uninhabited very soon. Just my opinion learned from BBC for 50 years.

  25. They were only able to rise thanks to Deng Xiaoping. He restored economic growth after Mao Zedong destroyed it.

  26. We would have been as great as China if Subash Chandra Bose was our first leader.
    We would have been Asian Superpower not China.

  27. just a bit surprised why so many people thought China’s rise unexpected. If you know the history you will see that China had been the most civilized and powerful countries for thousands of years, China just corrupted and down in the past 200 years. Like a snap after long time of leading. Now China just wake up and return to her position ought to be.

  28. as a Chinese,I must tell you we are so poor and weak,trust me. China raising is a fake news. China is breaking! USA No.1! India No.1!Korea No.1! Vietnam No.1! Japan No.1!

  29. China is going to overtake USA in the near future whether you like it or not the situation is not going to change!

  30. I hope the whole world will have freedom of speech and have the right to acquire basic needs to survive Such as sustainable and clean environment. Btw when will china respect the product patents or no piracy on trademarks?

  31. Everyone deserves a chance at a good life, western way of life is adopted by china and so many others. And to say the west is warmongering is stupid, have asian nations never had wars. Skyscrapers, cars, planes, phones, computers, heavy industry are all western initiatives, looks like china is more western than asian, so western way is not over, it just expanded. Oh do not forget, social media you all enjoy is also western. So stop moaning about how crap the west is, because everyone wants to live like westerners, with nice cars and suits. Globalisation was meant to help world economy and nations to reach that potencial as well, it is not perfect, but it is the current best way, without it, china and many others will still be backward campared to the west.

  32. The democratic procedure in which the Communist Party of China has gained the power
    ——It is the purest form of democracy when a government is voted into power by people's hearts instead of their opinions.

    A party that can bring its people to the point where they vote with their lives is basically putting an end to the possibility of deception in peacetime. Because people will only follow you if they see you for what you really are.

    How many Chinese communists had died before they won the hearts of the people? The people were only awakened to their conscience and courage, and decided to follow it into the world after they had witnessed the Communists dying heroically one after the other in their quest to change the fate of the country.

    And in the case of life or death, it is only by winning the support of the majority of the people that the war can be won.

    Therefore I believe that the real democracy can only be achieved through the mobilization of the majority of people in a nation and by way of war.

    The Communist Party of China acquired its power, both in process and form, is the most democratic example of the day:

    First, it has offered sacrifices to its course with the lives of hundreds of thousands, even millions, of its core members,

    Second, it has mobilized the majority of the population throughout the country to participate,

    Third, it has endured long years of tens of thousands of battles, not just a brief coup or mutiny,

    Fourth, it has put forward the idea of social change accepted by the majority,

    Fifth, it has implemented the ideas it put forward and has done so with the active participation of all the people of the country.

    So all these facts have proven that the Communist Party has indeed acquired the legitimacy of power. The content and form of this democratic process is more real and reliable than any democracy today that boasts advertising and speeches based on popular opinion in the West.

  33. The rise of a totalitarian dictatorship that does not only rule it's people with an iron fist but also will not hesitate to take away our freedoms even if we don't live in their freaking country. 😑
    Nazi Germany, Empire of Japan, China in 2019…history repeats itself.

  34. "Asian Giant"?? That's it!? That's the best you can describe China!?!? What a lame title!? It should be phrased as "The Giant Comes Home" or "The Dragon Has Returned". China is simply returning to where it once was, after a brief, 150 years of hiatus.

  35. Weaken Yuan is just the beginning, other countries enterprises withdrawing from China is another important issues !!! I will weaken the whole damn China !!!

  36. Without communism in China, China would achieve more great development….We lost more than achieved actually for a healthy nation

  37. In 1978,Premier Teng visited Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew,tell me please how your little island with no natural resources is able to prosper,peoples has homes,jobs and everything orderly run,LEE responded,if China stops funding and support Communists fighting in our regions I can help.300Chinese officials arrived in Singapore and later on,Lee went to China to set up Suchou industrial Park,awakening the CHINESE DRAGON.

  38. China will fall again sooner than later , as long as China keeps hiding reality from it's ppl it'll get to it and be collapsed . Intl pressure will be too much to handle since they've opened up so much they can go democratic onwards

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